The Old Man and the Sea may very well become one of the true classics of this generation. Certainly, the qualities of Ernest Hemingway`s short novel are those which we associate with many great stories of the past: near perfection of form within the limitations of its subject matter, restraint of treatment, regard for the unities of time and place, and evocative simplicity of style. Also, like most great stories, it can be read on more than one level of meaning. On one it is an exciting but tragic adventure story. Sustained by the pride of his calling, the only pride he has left ,a broken old fisherman ventures far out into the Gulf Stream and there hooks the biggest marlin ever seen in those waters .Then, alone and exhausted by his struggle to harpoon the giant fish, he is forced into a losing battle with marauding sharks; they leave him nothing but the skeleton of his catch. On another level the book is a fable of the unconquerable spirit of man, a creature capable of snatching spiritual victory from circumstances of disaster and material defeat .On still another it is a parable of religious significance, its theme supported by the writer’s unobtrusive handling of Christian symbols and metaphors .Like Coleridge’s Ancient Mariner, Hemingway’s Cuban fisherman is a character allowing the imagination of his creator to operate simultaneously in two different worlds of meaning and value, the one real and dramatic, the other moral and devotionally symbolic.
evocative adj. 唤出的，唤起的
harpoon v. 用鱼叉叉，用鱼叉捕获
maraud v. 动掠，掠夺，袭击
What is your favorite color? Do you like yellow, orange, red ? If you do, you must be an optimist, a leader ,an active person who enjoys life ,people and excitement. Do you prefer grays and blues? Then you are probably quiet, shy and you would rather follow than lead. You tend to be a pessimist. At least, this is what psychologists tell us and they should know, because they have been seriously studying the meaning of color preference, as well as the effect that colors have on human beings .They tell us, among other facts ,that we ate born with our preference. If you happen to love brown, you did so, as soon as you opened your eyes , or at least as soon as you could see clearly.
Colors do influence our moods--there is no doubt about it .A yellow room makes most people feel more cheerful and more relaxed than a dark green one ;and a red dress brings warmth and cheer to the saddest winter day .On the other hand ,black is depressing. A black bridge over the Thames River, near London, used to be the scene of more suicides than any other bridge in the area--until it was repainted green. The number of suicide attempts immediately; perhaps it would have fallen even more if the bridge had been done in pink or baby blue.
Light and colors make people not only happier but more active. It is an established fact that factory workers work better, harder, and have fewer accidents when their machines are painted orange rather than black or grey.
optimist n. 乐观者
pessimist n. 悲观者
repaint v. 重新涂漆
established a. 证实的
註 ： 上述論壇為會員們的投稿，有關內容和觀點不代表長青會的觀點和立場。