初級英語會話

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01 在家中 - At Home

02 见面时 - When meeting

03 分手时 - When leaving

01 在家中

01 在家中

 ●从起床到出门
早晨好!
Good morning.
Good morning, John. (早晨好,约翰。)
Good morning, mom. (早晨好,妈妈。)
闹钟响了吗?
Did the alarm clock go off? *go off是闹钟“响”的意思。
Did the alarm clock buzz?
Did the alarm clock ring?
该起床了!
It's time to get up!
It's time to get up! (该起床了!)
I don't wanna get up. (我真不想起。)
It's time to wake up!
It's time to get out of bed.
It's time to get ready.
快点儿起床!
Get up soon.
Get up soon. (快点儿起床!)
I don't want to. (我真不想起。)
你醒了吗?
Are you awake? *get up是动词,表示“起床”、“起”的动作。awake是形容词,表示“醒了”、“没睡”的状态。
Are you awake? (你醒了吗?)
I am now. (我刚醒。)
你不舒服吗?
Are you feeling sick?
Are you feeling sick? (你不舒服吗?)
No, I'm just tired. (没有,只是有点儿累。)
睡得好吗?
Did you sleep well?
Did you sleep well? (睡得好吗?)
Yes, I slept very well. (嗯,睡得挺好。)
Did you sleep well? (睡得好吗?)
No, I couldn't fall asleep. (哪儿啊,几乎没睡着。)
能帮我关掉闹钟吗?
Would you turn off the alarm clock? *turn off的原意是“关”,多用于收音机、电视、照明等类的东西。虽然现在有许多东西无需用按钮开关,但一般也用turn off表示。
Please turn off the alarm clock. (请把闹钟关了。)
你终于起来了。
You finally got up.
You finally got up. (你终于起来了。)
I'm still sleepy. (我还困着呢!)
今天是个好天!
It's a nice day!
It's a nice day! (今天是个好天!)
It sure is. (是不错啊。)
It's a beautiful day!
It's a wonderful day!
It's a great day!
昨晚你熬夜了?
Did you stay up late last night? *stay up late“睡得晚”、“熬夜”。
Did you go to bed late last night?
把被子叠好。
Let's fold up the futon. *fold意为“折叠”,fold up意为“叠好”、“叠整齐”;futon原本是日文,现在英文中也逐渐使用,意为“被子”。
Let's put the futon away. (把被子收起来吧。)
昨天晚上你打呼噜了。
You were snoring last night. *snore“打呼噜”。
You were snoring last night. (昨天晚上你打呼噜了。)
Did I keep you up? (影响你睡觉了吗?)
You were sawing logs last night. *saw logs原意为“锯木头”,在此用来表示“打呼噜”。
我做了个可怕的梦。
I had a nightmare.
I had a nightmare. (我做了个可怕的梦。)
It's all right now. (现在没事了。)
你一直没关灯啊。
You left the light on. *left (leave)是“保持某种样子”、“保持某种状态”的意思,表达“电灯一直开着”、“发动机一直开着”、“窗户一直开着”也可以用这种句型。
You forgot to turn off the light. (你忘了关灯了。)
我得洗脸了。
I have to go wash my face. *go wash是go和wash两个动词连用,口语中常用。可以把它看作是go and wash的缩略形式。
该吃早饭了。
It's time to eat breakfast.
It's time to have breakfast.
我还困着呢。
I'm still sleepy.
I'm still drowsy.
我还打哈欠呢。
I'm still yawning.
昨天的酒还没醒呢。
I have a hangover.
我是个夜猫子。
I'm a night person. *“早上起不来”的意思。
I'm a night person. (我是个夜猫子。)
I'm not. (我可不是。)
I'm a morning person. (我喜欢早起。)
我是用咖啡来提神的。
Coffee wakes me up.
Coffee gets me going.
刷牙了吗?
Did you brush your teeth?
Have you brushed your teeth?
我得梳梳头了。
I have to comb my hair.
穿什么好呢?
What should I wear?
What should I wear? (穿什么好呢?)
The red one. (穿红的吧!)
Which dress should I wear?
Which one should I wear?
What should I put on?
快换衣服。
Hurry up and get dressed.
Hurry up and get dressed. (快换衣服。)
Why? (干嘛?)
把睡衣收好。
Put those pajamas away!
Put those pajamas away! (把睡衣收好。)
Oh, I'm washing those. (啊,我正要洗呢。)
我走了,妈妈。
I'm leaving. Bye mom!
I'm leaving. Bye mom! (我走了。妈妈再见!)
Study hard. (好好学习啊!)
I'll see you when I get back.
I'm taking off now.
See you.
See you later.
今天我们逃学吧。
Let's play hooky today! *play hooky为俚语“逃学”。
Let's play hooky today! (今天我们逃学吧。)
Yeah, let's. (好哇,走吧!)
你毛衣穿反了。
You're wearing your sweater inside out.
You have your sweater on inside out.
上下颠倒了。
It's upside down.
别忘了扔垃圾呀。
Don't forget to take out the garbage.
Don't forget to take out the garbage. (可别忘了扔垃圾!)
I won't. (忘不了!)
今天该你扔垃圾了。
It's your turn to take out the garbage. *garbage也可以用trash和rubbish替代。
今天你干什么?
What are you doing today?
What are you doing today? (今天你们干嘛?)
We're having a track and field meet. (今天我们开运动会。)
你快点儿,我们该迟到了。
If you don't hurry, we'll be late.
If you don't hurry, we'll be late. (你快点儿,我们该迟到了!)
Okay, Okay. (知道了,知道了。)
Hurry up or we'll be late.
快点儿,上学该迟到了。
Hurry or you'll be late for school.
Hurry or you'll be late for school. (快点儿,上学该迟到了。)
What time is it? (现在几点?)
你锁门了吗?
Did you lock the door?
Have you locked the door?
没忘了什么东西吧?
Aren't you forgetting something?
Aren't you forgetting something? (没忘了什么东西吧?)
I don't think so. (我想没有。)
都已经8点了!
It's already 8:00.
It's 8:00 already.
我晚了!
I'm late!
I'm late! (我晚了!)
Hurry up! (快点儿吧!)
我得赶紧走!
I have to rush!
I have to hurry (up)!
I have to get going!
I have to get moving.
你今天会回来得晚吗?
Are you gonna be late today?
Are you gonna be late today? (你今天会回来得晚吗?)
No, I'll be home at the usual time. (不,和平常一样。)
几点回来?
What time are you coming home?
What time are you coming home? (几点回来?)
Around seven o'clock. (大概7点左右吧。)
饭盒带了吗?
Have you got your lunch box?
Have you got your lunch box? (饭盒带了吗?)
Yes, right here. (嗯,带了。)
今天好像要下雨。
It might rain today.
It might rain today. (今天好像要下雨。)
Take your umbrella with you. (带上伞吧!)
出门的时候,可别忘了锁门。
Don't forget to lock the door when you leave.

 

02 见面时

02 见面时

  

●碰到友人
 

嗨!你好!
Hi! *比Hello随便,用于比较熟悉的人,男女都可以用。
Hi! (嗨!)
Hi! (嗨!你好!)
 

你好!
Hello. *一天中常用的寒暄用语。
A)Hello, Mr. Smith. (史密斯先生,您好!)
B)Oh, hi John. (嗨,约翰,你好!)
*A为学生,B为老师。
 

你好!
Good afternoon. *下午用寒暄用语。主要用于工作环境中。
 

晚上好!
Good evening.
 

你好吗?
How are you? *最常用的问候方式。除了有问候对方“你好吗”的意思外,还含有“午安”在内的意思。
Hi, John! (嗨!约翰,你好!)
Oh, Mary! How are you? (噢,玛丽,你好吗?)
How are you? (你好吗?)
Pretty good. (非常好。)
How's it going?
How're you doing? *语气较随便。
 

我很好,谢谢。
Fine, thank you.
I'm fine, thank you.
 

不怎么好。
Not so good. *用于身体状况不好或是有其他什么不好的事时。
How are you feeling? (你的身体怎么样?)
Not so good. (不怎么好。)
Not so great.
Could be better. *虽然“有向好的方向发展的余地”,但给人一种“不怎么好”的语感。
 

老样子。
Nothing much.
Nothing special.
 

认识您我很高兴。
Glad to meet you. *用于初次见面。
I'm glad to meet you.
Nice to meet you.
It's great meeting you.
 

出什么事啦?
What's up?
What's up? (出什么事啦?)
Nothing much. (没什么。)
What's new? *用于强调有无新的变化。
What's happening? *强调“发生什么事情了?”
How've you been? *有好长时间没见的语感。
 

你的家人怎么样?
How's your family?
How's your family? (你的家人怎么样?)
Everyone's fine. (大家都很好。)
 

还好吧?
How's everything? *意为“进行得顺利吗?”。如果在饭馆服务员这样问的话是“饭菜怎么样?”的意思。
How's everything? (怎么样,还好吧?)
It's going pretty well. (一切很顺利。)
How's everything? (还好吧?)
Same as always. (和平常一样。)
How's everything going?
How's it going?
How are things?
 

工作怎么样?
How's business?
 

还可以。
Not bad.
 

今天怎么样?
How did it go today? *用于会议或聚会等特别场合。
How did it go today? (今天怎么样?)
So-so. (还凑合吧。)
How was your day?
 

和往常一样。
Oh, same as usual.
How was work today? (今天工作怎么样?)
Oh, same as usual. (和往常一样。)
Same old, same old. *俚语。
Another day, another dollar.
 

急着干什么去呀?
What's the hurry?
What's the hurry? (急着干什么去呀?)
We're going to be late for the movie. (我们赶着去看电影呢。)
Why are you in a hurry? (为什么那么着急?)
Why are you hurrying? (干吗那么着急?)
 

你去哪儿?
Where are you headed? *head 是动词,be headed for...表示“向着……前进”。
Where are you going?
Where are you off to?
 

你干吗呢?
What are you doing?
What are you doing? (你干吗呢?)
I'm ironing my shirt. (我在熨衬衫呢。)
 

我在想点事儿。
I was just thinking. *just 表示一种“有点”,“不过……”的语感。
 

我只是发了会儿呆。
I was just daydreaming. *daydream “沉湎于幻想”。
 

我只是在消磨时间。
I'm just killing time. *kill time “消磨时间”、“打发时间”。
I'm just hanging out. *hang out “什么都不做,无端地耗费时间”。
 

你想什么呢?
What's on your mind?
What's on your mind? (你想什么呢?)
I'm worried about my wife. (我有点担心我的妻子。)
What are you thinking of?
 

没想什么。/没什么。
Nothing.
 

和往常一样。
Another day, another dollar.
How was work today? (今天工作怎么样?)
Another day, another dollar. (和往常一样。)
 

你来的正是时候。
You've come just in time.
You've come at the right moment.
You've come at the right time.
 

原来你在这儿啊!
There you are! *用于终于找到了要找的人时。
There you are! (原来你在这儿啊!)
Were you looking for me? (你找我?)
Gotcha! *俚语。
Here you are.
Found you!
 

杰夫在吗?
Is Jeff around?
Is Jeff around? (杰夫在吗?)
He was here a few minutes ago. (几分钟前他还在这儿来着。)
 

你见到斯科特了吗?
Have you seen Scott? 多用于公司和学校。
Have you seen Scott? (你见到斯科特吗?)
No, not today. (没有,今天没看见他。)
 

我偶然碰到了他。
I ran into him. *run into “没想到的,偶然的相遇”。
I bumped into him.
 

哎,你猜我昨天遇见谁了?
Guess who I bumped into yesterday?
Guess who I bumped into yesterday? (哎,你猜我昨天遇见谁了?)
Who? (谁呀?)
 

我跟他素不相识。
He's a stranger to me. *表示“以前从没见过面”。
 

●好久不见
 

好久不见。
It's been a long time. *当别人这么对自己说时,通常用It sure has.来回答。
 

好久不见。
It's been so long.
John, is that you? (你是约翰吧?)
Yeah, it's been so long. (是我,好久没见。)
 

好久没见了。
Long time no see. *比较随便的说法。对方一般回答Yeah, how have you been?/Yeah, too long.
Long time no see. (好久没见了。)
Yeah, how have you been? (是呀,你还好吗?)
I haven't seen you for a long time.
I haven't seen you for ages.
 

还好吧?
How have you been?
How have you been? (还好吧?)
I've been all right. (嗯,挺好的。)
 

最近怎么样?
How have you been doing? *询问对方的身体和近况。
How have you been doing? (最近怎么样?)
I've been alright. (干得还不错。)
 

忙什么呢?
What have you been doing? *用来询问没见面的这段时间里的情况。
What have you been doing? (忙什么呢?)
Just working. (上班呗。)
What have you been doing? (忙什么呢?)
Nothing much. (没忙什么。)
What have you been up to?
 

你去哪儿了?
Where have you been?
 

很高兴又见到你。
I'm glad to see you again. *回答这句时说So am I. (我也是)。see可以用meet代替。去掉again则带有初次见面的语感。
I'm happy to see you.
Nice to see you.
It's great seeing you again.
 

你一点儿都没变。
You haven't changed at all.
You're the same old Bob, aren't you? (鲍勃,你还是老样子。)
 

你没怎么变。
You haven't changed much.
You haven't changed much. (你没怎么变。)
Neither have you. (你也没变。)
 

你变样了。
You've really changed.
 

你长大了。
You've grown up.
You're all grown up now.
Look how you've grown up. (看你都长这么大了!) *多用于爷爷、奶奶见到孙辈时。
 

你越来越漂亮了。
You've become so beautiful.
You've gotten so pretty.
 

约翰他好吗?
Is John okay? *这种说法带有约翰有病或受伤的语感。
Is John okay? (约翰他好吗?)
He's getting better. (好多了。)
 

你看上去不错。
You look great.
You look great. (你看上去不错。)
You look good, too. (你也一样。)
 

你感觉怎么样?
How are you feeling?
How are you feeling? (你感觉怎么样?)
I'm feeling great. (我感觉很好。)
 

他这些日子过得怎么样?
How's he getting along these days?
How's he getting along these days? (他这些日子过得怎么样?)
Good. (挺好的。)
How's he doing? (他干得怎么样?)
 

最近你是不是胖了?
Are you gaining weight?
Are you gaining weight? (最近你是不是胖了?)
I'm afraid so. (好像是吧。)
Have you gained weight?
Are you getting fatter? *不礼貌的说法。
Are you losing weight? (最近你是不是瘦了?)
 


03 分手时

03 分手时

  再见!
Goodbye. *分手时最常用的寒暄用语。
Goodbye. (再见!)
Goodbye. Take care! (再见,保重啊!)
 

再见!
Bye. *比Goodbye的说法随便。
Bye for now.
Have a nice day. (祝你今天愉快!)
See you later. (以后见!)
 

回头见!
See you.
See you later.
See you soon.
See you again.
Catch you later.
See you around. *用于在同一座楼里,过会儿还有可能再见面时。
 

我去了啊。
I'm off now. *off “去,走开”。
I'm leaving.
See you.
 

我得告辞了。
I have to go.
I have to go. (我得告辞了。)
Can't you stay a little longer? (再呆会儿吧!)
 

祝你好运!
Good luck! *在对某人去旅行或去做一件比较难的事情时使用。
Good luck! (祝你好运!)
Thanks. I need it. (谢谢,借你吉言。)
I wish you good luck.
 

祝你愉快!
Have a nice day. *与Goodbye的用法一样。
Have a nice day! (祝你愉快!)
Same to you. (也祝你愉快!)
 

祝你周末愉快!
Have a nice weekend.
 

加油啊!祝你好运!
Good luck.
Break a leg. *原本是对要上台演出的人说的话。
Go for it. (走吧!)
Hang in there. (那,加油吧!)
 

祝你玩得愉快。
Have fun.
We're going to Hawaii! (我们要去夏威夷喽!)
Have fun! (祝你玩得愉快。)
Have a good time!
 

就这样,坚持下去。
Keep it up.
Keep it up! (就这样,坚持下去。)
Thanks for the encouragement. (谢谢你的鼓励!)
 

别干得太猛。
Don't work too hard.
Take care.
Be careful.
 

旅途愉快!
Have a nice trip. *对要去旅行的人说的话。
I wish you a pleasant journey.
Have a good vacation. (祝你假期愉快!)
Bon voyage. *这是一句法语,现在英文中也用。
 

那多保重!
Have a good one!
 

真舍不得走,但是……
I hate to run, but... *这句是结束谈话时的开场白。其语气为“虽然我不想走,但……”。
 

认识你我非常高兴。
It was nice meeting you. *只用于与初次见面的人分别时。其他情况下meet换成see。
It was nice meeting you. (认识你我非常高兴。)
It was nice meeting you, too. (我也很高兴见到你。)
Nice meeting you.
 

请代我向约翰问好。
Please say hello to John (for me).
 

晚安!
Good night.
 

再来啊!
Come again.
Come again. (再来啊!)
I will. (我会来的。)
Please come again. (请您再来!)
I hope you can come over again. (希望你能再来。)
I'd be glad to have you over again. (如果你下次还能来的话我将很高兴。)
 

别忘了给我带点儿什么。
Don't forget to bring something back for me.
Don't forget to bring something back for me. (别忘了给我带点儿什么。)
Don't worry, I won't. (放心吧,忘不了。)
 

放松点儿!
Take it easy. *“放松”、“不要紧张”的语气。
Take it easy. (放松点儿!)
I can't. I have a test tomorrow. (不可能,我明天要考试。)
 

希望不久能再见到你。
I hope to see you again soon.
 

给我打电话。
Call me later.
Call me later. (给我打电话。)
Okay, I will. (嗯,好吧。)
 

多保重!
Take care. *“多加小心”的语气。
See you later. (再见。)
Take care. (多保重!)
 

你自己多保重。
Take care of yourself.
Take care of yourself. (你自己多保重!)
Don't worry about me. (别担心我!)
 

我还会来的。
I'll be back.
I'll be back. (我还会来的。)
You'd better. (一定来啊!)
I'll come back later. (不久我就会回来的。)
I'll stop by later. (我会顺便来的。)
 

天不早了。
It's getting late.
It's getting late. (天不早了。)
Let's go home. (我们回家吧。)
 

我得走了。
I've got to go. *口语用法。
I have to go.
I have to get going.